Genomic biomarkers in predictive medicine: an interim analysis. in BL but active in c-Mychigh DLBCLs. Our data supports the view that BCR signaling is usually context dependent and capable not only of promoting cell survival and proliferation but also delaying cell cycle progression thereby potentially increasing chromosomal aberrations. It further underpins the notion that defined pathways stimulated by microenvironmental factors activating the BCR are involved in DLBCL development and that these pathways might be of therapeutic relevance. Our analysis shows how guided clustering lead to the discovery of biomarkers for malignancy stratification. RESULTS A combined analysis of experimental and tumour derived global gene expression data identifies a set of genes specifically suppressed by BCR activation Ligands activating pattern acknowledgement receptors, BCR, CD40, BAFF-receptors and IL21 receptor are well known mediators of signalling in B cells and important components of the GC B cell reaction. Furthermore, it is well known that elements of the corresponding signalling pathways are mutated in DLBCL [1, 7C13]. Thus, the signalling pathways activated by these factors represent promising candidates for the identification of oncogenic pathway signatures in DLBCL via guided clustering. To answer these questions, as a model cell collection, BL2 was chosen. The criteria for their selection were: absence or low pathway activity, a strong transmission induction by stimuli, and measurable global gene expression changes suitable for bioinformatic analysis as we have previously explained . Microarray data units Romidepsin (FK228 ,Depsipeptide) obtained from human transformed germinal centre B cells (BL2) stimulated with CD40L, BAFF, IL21, IgM F(ab)2 fragments and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) were processed as explained previously, combined, and analysed by guided clustering using large-scale gene expression data from 175 DLBCL patients [28, 32]. The patients were selected from your MMML-cohort and are representative of non-mBLs without chromosomal translocations . Guided clustering was performed in the following way: the guiding datasets were obtained from stimulated BL2 cells and only genes driven dominantly by one stimuli, but not the others, included. These data units were integrated with gene expression profiles of main lymphoma material. Ten different gene clusters were recognized characterized by increased or suppressed gene expression in experiments and concordantly expressed in lymphoma patients: CD40.1, CD40.2, IL21.1, IL21.2, BAFF.1, BAFF.2, BCR.1, BCR.2, LPS.1 and LPS.2 (Physique ?(Physique1A,1A, Table ?TableI).I). The suffix .1 denotes genes mainly suppressed and .2 those genes mainly activated (Table ?(TableI,I, Supplementary Table S1). These clusters most likely represent surrogates of pathway activity dominated by one of the stimuli. To delineate so far undescribed biological outcomes the following experiments were focused on IgM driven suppression of gene expression. Open in a separate window Physique 1 Guided Clustering identifies gene clusters dominantly affected by one specific interventionA. Heatmap representation of the gene expression levels for the genes within the ten transcriptional modules recognized by guided clustering analysis. Global gene expression Romidepsin (FK228 ,Depsipeptide) of stimulated BL2 cells and gene expression profiles from 175 lymphoma patients without Myc-translocations [28, 30]. BL2 cells treated with IgM treatment, CD40L, LPS, BAFF and IL21. Each column in Romidepsin (FK228 ,Depsipeptide) the heatmap represents a gene and each row represents a microarray sample. Yellow and blue indicate high and low Romidepsin (FK228 ,Depsipeptide) gene expression. Heatmap shows the gene expression of the corresponding cluster genes in stimulated BL2 cells compared to unstimulated cells. B. A heatmap representation of BCR.1 genes in gene expression profiles of 137 main lymphoma. The patient samples are ordered according to their increasing Rabbit polyclonal to Argonaute4 BCR.1 index starting with the lowest index on the very left end of the heatmap . C. Gene ontology based analysis of the portion of genes from your BCR.1 gene cluster associated with the cell cycle. GO Term analysis gives frequency of BCR.1 genes involved in different cell cycle phases (information taken from www.cyclebase.org)(for additional details see also Supplementary Table S2). Table I Identification of different clusters of genes displaying a coherent.
- Data CitationsKreuk LSM, Koch MA, Slayden LC, Lind NA, Chu S, Savage HP, Kantor Abdominal, Baumgarth N, Barton GM
- Of all those genes, down-regulation of CKB gene was reported to promote epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in colon cancer